Balloon Payments and Residual
Buying a car is usually one of the bigger financial commitments you’ll take on in your lifetime. Whether you’re in the market for a new model or intend to approach a used-car dealer for a good used model. The main step in the car-buying process is figuring out how you’re going to pay for it. With the year-on-year increase in car prices, many potential buyers find that Vehicle Financing is the only way they’ll be able to afford their dream car.
When financing a new set of wheels, buyers can choose to attach a balloon payment or residual to the loan, and what the amount will be. Including a balloon payment in the repayment plan has an impact on how much the monthly instalment will be, and how much the car buyer ends up paying for the vehicle.
Balloon/ residual payment plans are becoming more common among car buyers in South Africa. Wesbank reports on average one in every five funding agreements now includes a balloon payment that comprises on average around 17% of the finance amount. If you are considering making use of a balloon payment or residual, here are some things you should know before signing the loan agreement.
What is a balloon payment?
A balloon payment on a car loan allows the borrower to settle an inflated lump sum at the end of the repayment period, with interest having been accrued up until then on the balloon amount. Rather than extending the repayment on the total cost of the vehicle over the average six-year period, the borrower and the bank agree that a certain percentage be pushed to the end of the finance term.
This will keep the monthly instalment amount lower but when it’s time to settle the balloon/ residual payment, it needs to be paid as a single payment. If the buyer is unable to clear their debt on the balloon payment, they may need to sell the car.
A balloon payment is best explained by this example from Wesbank (via Engineering News): “A balloon payment of 20% on a vehicle of R240 000 will result in monthly repayments of R4 739.58 (over 60 months, at 11.5% interest). At the end of the finance term, the repayments will total R284 374.84. However, the buyer will still owe a 20% balloon payment – or R48 000 – thus bringing the total price of the vehicle to R332 374.84.”
Is a balloon payment right for you?
The bank will demand evidence that you will be able to afford a future balloon payment. That’s why financial commitment and planning for that due date is key to manage a balloon payment plan. If you’re someone who saves money clients steer clear of balloon payments since it may seem an attractive option at first, but for a future time of need and won’t mind withdrawing from your savings when the due date arrives, then a balloon payment may be the solution for you.
Vehicle and asset finance providers, the Banks, however, advises that will only boil down to increased debt in the long run.
The Advantages and Disadvantages of balloon payments and residual valuation
Balloon payments and residuals can be confusing and overwhelming to clients, therefore, it’s important to know everything about this loan repayment structure. Below are some of the advantages and disadvantages to help you decide whether they will work for you.
- A down payment is usually not required.
- A balloon payment can help with your cash flow management.
- You will be charged a lower monthly repayment fee during the first few years.
- An increased loan size means that you will be able to afford a new or more expensive car.
- When the repayment term expires, your vehicle will be worth less than what you paid for it.
- If defaulting on your balloon payment, you may be forced to sell the car, but you might not get enough to cover the outstanding amount on the loan.
How does it work?
In simple terms, instead of spreading the full vehicle price over a normal finance period like four or five years, you defer a percentage, say 30%, of that lump sum to the end of your finance period.
This then allows for a much lower monthly instalment during the normal finance period, but you still face the 30% ‘balloon’ payment (residual value) at the end of the loan term. You will have to pay in the outstanding lump sum by paying cash or selling the car!
“I am at the end of my finance contract with the Bank and I must pay my balloon payment but I can’t afford it or I haven’t got the money to pay it and the Bank is demanding the payment in full from me….. What do I do??”
You contact Autofin Assist immediately
- We at Autofin Assit will assist with your situation and will get all the information from you pertaining to your current situation with the bank regarding your balloon payment amount outstanding on the motor vehicle. Autofin Assist will help you and assist you in order for you to settle the outstanding amount to the bank in order for you not to lose your motor vehicle
- After one of our staff members has done an assessment on your situation they will email you an application to complete. You will have to complete the application and email it back to us with all relevant supporting documents pertaining to the deal which are:
- Clear scan copy of your ID (identity document)
- Clear scan copy of valid Driver’s licence
- Clear scan copy of proof of residence, utility bill (not older than 3 months and it must be a statement not an invoice)
- Clear scan copies of 3 x months up to date payslips (salary advices)
- Clear scan copies of up to date 3 x months bank statements with bank stamp on
- Up to date settlement letter from the bank for the motor vehicle
- Copy of the cars registration documents (ownership papers) from the bank
- Your ITC report from Trans union (Tel.no. for Trans union)
- If you are self-employed we can also help you. When you call our office we will explain to you in detail on what supporting documents will be required
Autofin Assist will help you with a cash loan in order to help you to pay the outstanding balloon payment to the bank and will arrange affordable and low interest rate repayment for you over 4, 5, or 6 years.
Autofin assist will help you not to lose your car over the outstanding balloon payment due to the bank. We will correspond with the bank on your behalf in order for them to know that we are busy helping you with the settlement in order for you not to lose your dream car.
Please note Autofin assist will not at any time take your car from you or take ownership of your car, you will stay the owner of your car and the car will stay with you. We do not pawn cars or take ownership of your car at any time. We are here to help you and not to take your car.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as financial advice. Readers are encouraged to consult a financial adviser with any questions or concerns they have regarding their personal finances.